What is Metabolic Syndrome?
It is a group of risk factors that occur concomitantly and increase your risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.
How do I know if I have metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is present if you have 3 or more of the following signs
- Blood pressure equal to or higher than 130/85 mmHg
- Fasting blood sugar (glucose) equal to or higher than 100 mg/dL
Large waist circumference (length around the waist):
- Men - 40 inches or more
- Women - 35 inches or more
Low HDL cholesterol:
- Men - under 40 mg/dL
- Women - under 50 mg/dL
- Triglycerides equal to or higher than 150 mg/dL
How do I prevent metabolic syndrome?
- Eating a diet low in fat, with a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain products
- Getting regular exercise, at least 30 minutes of moderate activity almost every day
- Losing weight so that your body mass index (BMI) is less than 25
- Managing blood pressure and blood sugar
- Not smoking
- Trying to include fish, preferably oily fish, in your diet at least twice a week